Students who choose computer science classes should be familiar with the IEEE reference style and format their assigned paper accordingly. You need to master it, no matter if you study programming, information technologies, web communication, computer science, management, or similar disciplines. Find a good IEEE format example to make things easier. It will provide you with useful information and a list of helpful suggestions and guidelines to write your next text correctly.
What is the IEEE format?
This question is often asked by confused students who need some guides. The IEEE is a professional organization that supports different IT and engineering fields, and it has established its own writing manual to let both professionals and students in relevant areas organize their references and writing works. Read this important journal to get a clearer idea of basic rules. Check out a brilliant IEEE format example to understand that this style consists of two crucial elements:
- In-text direct and indirect citations.
What are in-text citations? They are brief quotes taken from both secondary and primary sources, and you need to number them in square brackets. Each number identifies a complete citation listed in your bibliography or works cited list, but many students call such citations references. A list of references is in their numerical order. The IEEE manual is lengthy and complex, and that’s why you should read this brief guide because it will help you save time in the end.
How to cite in the IEEE format?
Each reference must have its corresponding IEEE citation in the main body of your research paper or academic essay. What is the difference between indirect and direct in-text citations? The main difference is that direct citations duplicate original quotes, while the indirect ones are the same ideas paraphrased by you.
Each time you want to add a citation, insert a specific number within square brackets to help readers find complete references on your reference page. Make sure that it’s a separate section of your assignment. A complete IEEE format reference contains the information necessary to help other people find more details about your discussed subject with ease, including:
- Publication places and dates;
- Full titles;
- Authors’ initials and surnames;
- Some smaller details, such as page numbers or volumes.
Corresponding numbers should show up before every reference.
How to create IEEE citations?
In-text citations shouldn’t necessarily contain such details as quotes pages, authors’ names, or publication dates, and you can mention sources using special numbers in a bracket line. It must match a complete citation in your bibliography. Insert in-text citations to back up major arguments in the main body (before any punctuation and with a space before opening brackets).
Number all sources in the order you mention them. After referencing and assigning numbers to them, feel free to use the same corresponding numbers each time you need to quote these sources in your paper. If you cite many sources simultaneously, apply the best approach and provide every number separately (in brackets and use dashes or commas between numbers). Most experts apply the same formatting approach.
How to write your reference page?
Based on IEEE formatting requirements, a page that contains your full bibliography is called a reference list or page, and you need to put in at the end of your writing project. The basic goal that it serves is to provide full citations for each source that you use to describe in-text citations. Add all references in their numerical sequence. Don’t forget to include their bracketed numbers at the beginning. Follow these simple rules:
- Word "References" is the title of this page (you can either align it left at the top or put it in the center);
- Use a hanging indent for each reference with numbers in brackets to identify the right numerical order;
- The titles of your cited sources, including magazines, newspapers, articles, or others, should be in quotation marks;
- The titles of all works should be in italics;
- List surnames and initials as authors’ names.
Where to find excellent examples?
The IEEE updates its writing manual on a regular basis. You should visit its official website to know all the changes made to such vital format elements as:
- Section headings;
- Equations and numbers;
How to style and cite references?
There are some basic rules that remain the same, regardless of new editions, and they concern:
- Direct quotes;
- Findings, data, tables, and graphics.
Place a text from your sources in quotation marks. Add quotations to original sources, summarize or rewrite them, and come up with citations when making a summary of or restating data from them, including claims, ideas, verdicts, and research. Cite your original sources when adapting, referring to, and taking any information from them to format your academic paper successfully and earn high grades.
Why is citing essential for your academic performance?
Some students don’t gain the point of citing. It’s an important element of academic writing for different reasons:
- Plagiarism is a big problem, and incorrect citing equals to it;
- Formatting plays a huge role in final grades;
- Full references help readers to conduct their research and learn more about specific problems;
- It’s unethical to steal the words of other authors.
You shouldn’t count on your good marks if you fail to cite your sources of information based on IEEE formatting rules. What if you need expert help? Turn to our team of qualified and experienced writers because they will help you format all papers and do other things for you.